- balance scales
- measuring tapes
- “centicubes” (gram blocks)
- items to measure – in this case, rocks
Students need to practice these skills:
- to only put ONE rock on one side of the balance scales
- when to stop adding more gram blocks
- when to take off extra gram blocks
- to count – and some of the rocks are over 50 grams, so this can be tricky for some of our youngest students
- to recognize balance
- the end of the measuring tape is zero – even if there is no zero shown
- to make sure the rock (or object) is at the zero to start
- to know length, width, and around
- to record their measurements (with kinder, we first start with just practicing how to measure)
Here are a couple interactive websites or online games:
- What did the Tharp-Heezen Map show?
- What is the asthenosphere?
- How is the Mid-Ocean Ridge formed? What kind of boundary is the Mid-Ocean Ridge?
- How was Iceland formed? What was it before?
- There are two types of convergent boundaries (where plates come together). How are they different?
- In Cyprus, what was discovered at the plate boundaries between the African plate and the Eurasian plate? How did this happen?
Bill Nye Video: Earth’s Crust
- Plates and Boundaries from Annenberg
- Plate Boundaries from the American Museum of Natural History
- Plate Boundaries from PBS
- Tectonic Plates, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
- Mountain Maker, Earth Shaker
- San Andreas Fault Map
- PBS Plate Tectonic Intro
- PBS Plate Tectonics Early Evidence
- PBS The Hawaiian Archipelago
- PBS Lake Mead, Nevada
- PBS The Scientist Behind the Theory of Plate Tectonics
On November 2nd, 4th and 5th graders were given the job of finding locations of earthquakes and volcanoes on a map by using coordinates. They struggled with understanding the process behind this, so this week we took a step backwards to practice how to find coordinates on a grid. After graphing the points on the grid and connecting them, it made a picture. Many students asked “why are we doing math in science?” to which I replied that the two were linked and that scientists often need to keep data, and that data often needed to be figured out by using math. They HAVE done math before in the science lab, so this really is not anything new, but this time the lesson was specifically math in order for them to be able to continue with our earthquake and volcano mapping. Here is the picture that we made using coordinates:
In the science lab this week, grade levels TK-3 were learning about volcanoes. For 2nd and 3rd grade students, we had a demonstration of the creation of new gas within a closed system (bottle with a balloon over it) and we related that demonstration to what happens with volcanoes. I may use this same demonstration for TK-1st next week.
The information and vocabulary were more focused on for 2nd and 3rd grade, while 4th and 5th were still focusing on the tectonic plates.
The website that students might be interested in is this one: Discovery Kids Volcano Explorer.
On this website, students can change the thickness of the lava and the amount of gas and discover what type of volcano those conditions might make, and also what type eruption it causes.
Vocabulary introduced (in no particular order):
- lava vs. magma*
- ocean floor
- lava flow
- fire fountain
- shield volcano
- cinder cone
- lava tube
- pyroclastic flow
- tectonic plates
*terms that I want are the primary ones I want them to know
4 Dust storm
What do you think is happening in these photos?
How do they make you feel?